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Replacement Theology

There are multitudes of Christians within American evangelicalism today that lay the clear charge of ‘replacement theology’ against those who interpret the Old Testament with the New. Among such persons are men like John MacArthur who has come out with his own study Bible, after many years of ministry. What baffles me is the fact that men like MacArthur clearly understand what ‘replacement theology’ teaches, but nevertheless will still lay this charge against Reformed Theologians who teach no such thing.

I know that there are many dispensationalists who have spent their whole life writing against ‘replacement theology,’ but who clearly have misrepresented the Reformed position on the word of God. Now don’t get me wrong, scholars need to reject ‘replacement theology;’ nevertheless I cannot see spending one’s whole life writing against it. I am sure that there are some who hold to the erroneous position known as ‘replacement theology,’ yet I do not know of any. Therefore I believe that the reason this term is used against covenant theology is not so much an ignorance of what covenant theology teaches, but instead is used to discredit covenant theology and build prejudices against it. In my analogy of the situation, I just see it as a strawman argument against what covenant theology believes and represents.

Reformed Theology does not teach ‘replacement theology.’ Reformed theologians teach what is known as ‘expansion theology’ or ‘unity theology.’ Allow me to define both for clarification.

‘Expansion theology’ basically states that God, while initiating his new covenant towards Israel in the person and work of Jesus Christ, is also expanding the house of Israel unto the uttermost parts of the earth, by bringing Gentiles into the fold. This view is clearly taught throughout the Old and New Testament. Most dispensationalists will state that the mystery hid throughout the ages was that God would start a church during which time he would quit dealing with Israel and deal primarily with the Gentiles. But does scripture teach that? or Does scripture teach that the mystery that was hid throughout the ages, but is now revealed, was that God would make the Gentiles fellow heirs and partakers of the same body of Israelites? Let’s examine the scripture where the great mystery was explained by Paul:

 

Eph 3:4-6 Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ) Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit; That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:

 

How dispensationalists get two separate plans out of verse six is beyond me. There are not two separate plans, one for Israel, and another for the Church. Let’s examine several more scriptures to prove this:

 

Eph 2:11-19 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God;

 

Paul is plain in these verses that Gentiles were at one time alienated from the citizenship of Israel, from the covenants, and from Christ. But now God is taking two peoples, Jews and Gentiles, and making one body of people out of them. Is this not what Christ declared in “John 10:16 and other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.” Did you get what Christ is saying? Jesus declared that he had sheep that were not of the fold of Israel, namely the Gentiles, which he would bring in and there would be one fold and one Shepherd.

We could also move to Romans 11 whereby Paul uses the metaphor of a tree when he speaks of Israel. Here Paul is plain that the Gentiles are being engrafted into the root of that tree.

The term ‘unity theology’ plainly states that there is unity in God’s plan of redemption. Men have always been saved by faith all the way back to Abel. There is unity in the Old and New Testaments and unity in God’s covenant dealings with man. God in the Old Testament had a people for his name and in the New Testament God is expanding that people.

It is clear that those of the dispensational stripe do not know the word of God, for if they did you would not hear them making the claims that all of modern Israel is God’s chosen people. Paul declared in Romans 9:6-7 “that they are not all of Israel who are of Israel…..Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children.”

John MacArthur at his 2007 Shepherd’s Conference, in his rant against the Reformed position concerning Israel and the Church, declared that if we believe in election, then certainly God is going to save all of Israel. Yet this is precisely why we should not believe in the salvation of every single Jew, because we understand that election is centered in God’s good pleasures and not in being born of natural descent from a certain person Ephesians 1:4-5.

Under the Old Testament administration of the people of God, God commanded that every Israelite that would not keep his commands should be cut off. So it is clear that the promises, even under the Old Covenant of Moses were only to the faithful. Can we find evidence in scripture that plainly states that God has cut off natural Israel and is engrafting Gentiles into Israel in order to fulfill the Abrahamic promise of a seed as numerous as the stars? Absolutely. Let’s examine some scripture from Hosea:

 

Hos 1:6-9 And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away.

But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.

 

Listen to what God states here. God plainly declares that natural Israel is no longer his people. God cuts off all the unbelievers because Israel failed to weed them out. So God cuts them off himself. Can we find this type language in the New Testament? Absolutely. Jesus stated in Mat 21:42-43:

 

Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes? Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

 

Notice that natural Israel is again in the context of those of whom shall be cut off. The nation that the kingdom of God was given to is the Church 1 Peter 2:9.

So Hosea is told that natural, unbelieving Israel is cut off, nevertheless the faithful in Israel was still part of Israel according to Paul in Romans 9, whereby he declared: that they are not all of Israel who are of Israel…..Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children, but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, they which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.

But if God cuts off unbelieving Israel, then how could Israel be as the sand of the sea without number? God plainly declares to Hosea that he will engraft foreigners into Israel. Let’s read Hosea 1:9-10:

 

Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God. Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

 

God tells Hosea that natural Israel shall be cut off, but God will still keep the promises to Abraham of being blessed with a people that is numerous as the sand of the sea, because God is going to bring the Gentiles into the nation of Israel. Paul quotes this portion of Hosea in Romans 9:25-26 while discussing who true Israel consists of. Remember Paul declared that natural Israel is not the true seed of Abraham, but only spiritual Israel or called out Israelites Romans 9:6-7. Paul is showing the Romans that the word of God is not ineffective just because every single Jew isn’t saved. Paul goes on in Romans 9 and shows that Isaac was chosen and not Ishmael. Jacob was chosen and not Esau. So it is not of him that willeth or of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy. Therefore God shows his wrath in vessels fitted for destruction that he might show his glory on those for whom he beforehand prepared to glory, of all that are called of Jews and Gentiles.

 

Rom 9:22-26 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.

 

So God declared to Hosea that natural Israel would be cut off and Gentiles would be grafted in. This is the exact language that Paul uses in Romans 11 when he discusses the cutting off of branches on a tree. Paul also declares in Romans 11 that only elect Israel receives God’s grace and the rest are blinded. Romans 11:5-7

 

Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.

 

When Dispensationalists get to Romans 11:26 they cannot understand it because they are not interpreting scripture with scripture. Dispensationalists believe that in the end of this age that there will be a move by God in which he will elect every single Israelite into spiritual Israel. Yet we have already seen that there is a remnant that is being saved and the rest are blinded. Also right after Paul quotes Hosea in Romans 9, in order to prove that God is saving Gentiles as part of his people, then he quotes Isaiah and shows that God is only going to save a remnant of those who come from Abraham’s natural seed.

 

Rom 9:27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:

 

I challenge all my dispensational friends to read the Bible with eyes of understanding and to interpret scripture with scripture. Though there is a modern nation called Israel, nevertheless they reject Jesus as their Messiah and therefore they are not the children of Abraham. Gentiles who believe in Jesus are the true children of Abraham. Also even to this present time there are naturally descended Jews that are being saved. Paul declared in Romans 11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. So every naturally descended Jew that comes to faith becomes part of the church.

I have shown that God has one plan. I have shown that Gentiles are fellow heirs and of the same body as the remnant of Israelites that are being saved. So if dispensationalists want to declare that Israel and the Church are two separate entities, then they do it against God’s very words. If dispensationalists want to declare that believing Jews will inherit the land while believing Gentiles inherit heaven, then they present a false dichotomy that is not present in the scriptures.

  1. March 18, 2013 at 7:17 am

    Reblogged this on My Delight and My Counsellors.

  2. March 18, 2013 at 8:25 am

    Well said, brother.

    • March 18, 2013 at 8:57 am

      Thanks brother. I hope you and your family are doing well. God bless.

  3. March 18, 2013 at 11:01 am

    “I am sure that there are some who hold to the erroneous position known as ‘replacement theology,’ yet I do not know of any.”

    It’s so woven into Christianity’s curriculum, one can hardly escape it once aware of it.

    “Yet this is precisely why we should not believe in the salvation of every single Jew, because we understand that election is centered in God’s good pleasures and not in being born of natural descent …”

    Perhaps, since the Jews have suffered on such a grand scale at the hands of Christians and their theology of replacement, we should not worry so much about their ultimate “salvation” and focus more on working out our own, with fear and trembling…?

    God is not a liar. He will bring them back and redeem them. We should humble ourselves and then repent for all the ghastly atrocities that have been visited upon the Jews, not by God, but by Christians.

    • March 18, 2013 at 11:56 am

      I am sorry that Jews have suffered on a large scale. God plainly declared that they would suffer if they broke covenant.

      • March 18, 2013 at 12:21 pm

        Yes he did say that, and he also promises doom for the nations and people who partake in attempting to destroy them!

        He didn’t ask for Christians, who by his mercy were drawn near to something they never had access to before, to “help” him by murdering any of them. Rather we are to love. And Paul says clearly they are to receive MERCY from us. (Rom 11)

        Christianity has never been assigned the task of paying back the Jews for the fact that the illegitimate Jewish leadership in the 1st century rejected him. It was, after all, a divine appointment that he willingly kept and thousands upon thousands of Jews accepted him.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:47 pm

        Again, you will never find anything in my article that suggest that anyone should persecute Jews or anyone else for that matter.

        As for God declaring that he would punish those who come against Israel: Again you mistake who Israel or the true seed of Abraham is. Gal. 3:16 declared that the Abrahamic promises are given to ‘seed’ singular and that seed is Christ. Paul goes on to state that all that have faith in Christ are the children of Abraham Galatians 3:29.

      • March 18, 2013 at 2:05 pm

        I would kindly suggest that you re-think your second paragraph since Paul is pointing out that we non-Jewish followers of God are brought in due to the faith of Abraham, prior to being used to create the Jewish people. That doesn’t nullify the covenants God made with the Jews.

      • March 18, 2013 at 2:22 pm

        Why would I rethink that paragraph? I believe that scripture has unity. I believe that there was an eternal plan.

        We see creation Gen 1-2
        The fall Gen 3
        Cains descendants Gen 4
        Seths descendants Gen 5
        Intermarriage between the two Gen 6

        The calling out of Noah and the destruction of all mankind Gen 6-9.

        The tower of Babel Gen 11.

        Well you get the picture. God scatters the nations and calls Abraham out to bring the Messiah through, in order to save men from all nations.

      • March 18, 2013 at 2:27 pm

        In other words the salvation of Gentiles was not an after thought in God’s mind. The names of the saved were written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world Rev 13:8; 17:8.

        The Ephesians were chosen from the foundations of the world Ephesians 1:1-3.

      • March 18, 2013 at 2:30 pm

        Ahh, ok, I see what you’re saying now.

        I have a different paradigm for sure though. I think it’s impossible to write Israel our of their own story while maintaining the stance that God is faithful and all knowing and that the Bible is his Word. He declares his abiding love to physical Israel i.e., the Jewish people over and over again. Ez 34, 35, 36 and Jer 33, 31, and these are but a small sampling, but I’m trying to respect your wishes about quoting scripture without going against my conviction against cherry-picking verses.

      • March 18, 2013 at 3:06 pm

        Again, I have written Israel out. Paul plainly declares that the promises of God were not ineffective because they are not saving every Israelite. But that the promises were always to the elect or those that are called both Jews and Gentiles Romans 9:6-7. Romans 9:24 “Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles.

        If anyone comes to Christ, then they must be called. This is election. When joined to Christ there is neither Jew nor Greek, bond nor free, male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Galatians 3:28 and if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed and heirs according to the promise Galatians 3:29.

        In other words, if we are joined to Christ: Jew or Gentile, bond or free, male or female: then we are Christians.

      • March 18, 2013 at 2:58 pm

        You see your arguing in order of time, the Gentiles would be brought through the father of the faithful; namely Abraham.

        I am arguing ‘design and purpose.’ Abraham was promised to be the father of many nations and all nations would be blessed through him.

      • Mimi
        March 3, 2014 at 8:57 am

        My family left Spain in the mid 1700s and settled in Central America where the family lit their Sabbath candles,practiced their Jewish traditions under cover while pretending to be Roman Catholic. Jews were not persecuted by true Christians but by false deceivers pretending to be Christians.God has grafted the wild fig into the domestic fig to make one new tree/one new man. The Bible is clear on this point. Ironically, I, whose maiden name means where the fig tree grows-a reference to Israel-was introduced to Jesus by another Jew. There are many Jews scattered across America, Mexico, Central and South America , Scotland and the rest of the world who ignorant of their Jewish roots will be gathered along with their true brothers in Christ-all who have put their trust in Jesus Christ and resettled in Zion.(Don’t tell the fawning John Hagee who out of ignorance, fear or whatever motive refuses to witness to Israel) You cannot have eternal life without Jesus the Way, the Truth and the Life-the author of life. It is all about The cornerstone that holds the building Jew and Gentile together-one new man! Oh and by the way, we true Christians will be persecuted by those false, deluded ”brethren” who will be ”cleaning house ” as a favor to God. This happened during the martyrdom, inquisition, holocaust etc. But regardless, we run the race to gain the crown of life given to those who persevere. We have an amazing God! :-)

      • March 4, 2014 at 11:16 am

        Thank you for visiting my blog and sharing your life history and conversion. I totally agree. Christ is taking Jews and Gentiles and making one new man. There is only one plan of God for Jews and Gentiles alike. Blessings to you.

  4. March 18, 2013 at 11:26 am

    “So every naturally descended Jew that comes to faith becomes part of the church.”

    God calls Israel his “first-born son”, his “servant”, the “apple of his eye” and his “treasured possession” who is engraved on his hands. He says he loves them dearly and will NOT turn his back on them. Yes, the “Old Testament” is full of such language and much of that “Old Testament” is yet unfulfilled. But in order to see his heart on the matter of his Jewish people, one must stop spiritualizing away the references to Israel and inserting them with “the Church.”

    You set up a scenario where God used (actually abused) Israel as a means to get to his true love, us Gentiles. Your theology makes him a capricious liar. You then go on to say the believing Jew becomes part of the church, hence, right with God.

    This is part of the error of Replacement Theology!

    Question: “The great commission” is to make disciples of all nations, not to “convert” Jews to a Gentile identity. The only converting going on in the NT was pagan gentiles converting to belief in the ONE true God of Israel.

    Also, have you ever done a word study on “Church” in the Bible, for there is no such word. It’s a destination created by translators and is actually the word: “ekklesia” which means “assembly”, which is traditional to use too, in a few spots. All assumptions of God and his plans for the Jewish people should be filtered through the lens that he is not a liar.

    • March 18, 2013 at 11:57 am

      I’m sorry that you missed the proper interpretation of God’s word. The first born Son is Christ. The greater Son is Christ.

      Also I never gave scripture that stated that we should not preach to Jews. I actually gave scripture that plainly stated that all naturally descended Israelites were not elect, that God is still saving a remnant and only a remnant will be saved, and finally that the rest are blinded.

      • March 18, 2013 at 12:15 pm

        If we accept the New Testament as God’s word, it’s impossible to ignore the Tanakh since the NT cannot stand alone. In order to interpret scripture with scripture, we must know who all the players are and what God says about them. Exodus 4:22 clearly says Israel is God’s first-born son. It’s how you can understand so much of scripture, including Isaiah 40 where we’re commanded to comfort his people who are receiving double for their sins. (A double portion goes to the first-born).

        Jesus is not the firstborn but the only begotten Son of God. It’s different.

        As to your second paragraph, proclaiming Jesus as Messiah is one thing, converting them is another and insisting on reverse judaizing , or gentilizing Jews, is another.

        Additionally, their “blindness” is neither total nor permanent according to Paul himself. And since it’s cruel to criticize someone for not perceiving the color of your shirt, when they do not have the tools to do so… Well, we’re back to repentance again.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:40 pm

        I appreciate your comment, but you are wrong on who the Son is in the OT. The greater Son and True Israel is Christ Jesus, not the nation Israel. Remember Jesus showed the disciples, on the road to Emmaus, that all the OT scriptures pointed to Christ.

        My hermeneutic is not Israel centered. Israel is not the main character of the OT. Plus the only reason Israel, as a nation was chosen out, was to bring the Messiah and promises through them. Matter fact, when God scattered the nations at the Tower of Babel, there was no Israel present. The very next chapter God calls Abraham out in order to bring the nations back to him.

        My hermeneutic is Christ-centered. The whole OT, all the types, rituals, sacrifices, etc… pointed to the Messiah Jesus Christ.

        Finally, this is why Matthew could use the scripture in Hosea 11:1. “When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.”

        Jesus is the true Son and true Israel which was called out of Egypt. Jesus is the second Adam, the Prophet like Moses, true Israel.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:41 pm

        Also no where in my article do I claim that Jews are to be converted to Gentile customs.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:44 pm

        Very true, but that is the implication and the historic position of Christianity.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:51 pm

        Wrong that is the historic position of many claiming the Christian name. I know of no church today, dispensational or not that claims that we are to persecute the Jews.

        I do however, see that most churches in the United States that are dispensational, claim that we are to back Israel against the Palestinians. This is not what scripture teaches. When we do this we are compromising the gospel..Because, as you have stated, we are to preach the gospel to every nation. This includes the Palestinians.

    • March 18, 2013 at 12:07 pm

      Finally before I approve another comment, please, please, O please, answer with scripture.

      You must understand I know the dispensational arguments in and out. I was a dispensational spouting, Scofield carrying dispensationalists for years. Therefore I do know the system.

      Finally you have known shown wherebouts I am in error. I plainly have shown that God is taking Jew and Gentile and making one body of people. If that is ‘replacement theology’ then Paul was a ‘replacement theologian.’

      • March 18, 2013 at 12:23 pm

        Oh see your point, but I’m not a dispensationalist and am not arguing for it.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:43 pm

        I am glad you are not arguing for the dispensational point, but neither have I argued for the ‘replacement theology’ position.

      • March 18, 2013 at 12:26 pm

        I’m not so much saying anything about making one people, I suspect you may be right about that, and don’t think the dispensationalist position is that compelling. I’m open about it, allowing God to teach me.

      • March 18, 2013 at 1:55 pm

        I am not just right about the one people concept just because I am biased towards that position. But hold that concept because scripture declares it. Its prophesied throughout the OT and Jesus declares it and Paul says it throughout Romans, Galatians, Ephesians, etc…

  5. March 18, 2013 at 8:15 pm

    Very good Hershell…..

    • March 19, 2013 at 4:06 am

      Thanks brother and thank you for visiting my blog. Blessings.

  6. March 12, 2014 at 5:17 pm

    Good article. I think that people don’t read their Bible. When they say that the Old Covenant is not replaced by the New Covenant, they are literally denying Christ and His sacrifice. Apostates like John Hagee have stated that Jesus Christ is not the Messiah… in his effort to pander to Israel. People who don’t read their Bibles… they will believe anything. They know a soundbite “replacement theology”… they are told it is wrong… and have no idea what it means. At most base level, it is unbelieving Jews denying that Jesus is the Messiah. It is the spirit of antichrist at work to rail against “replacement theology”. This article is much more balanced and biblical. (I don’t know what JM said or what he meant… I”ll have to look into it.) However, I see all the time ignorant people who don’t read the Bible rail against “replacement theology”… and they are railing against Jesus and the New Covenant as Judaizers who act like being a Judaizer is being a Christian. Ignorant as a box of rocks… and have never learned any doctrine… dumbed down in their churches… dumbed down by tv evangelists… dumbed down by flouride… I don’t know what explains it really.

    • March 15, 2014 at 6:34 am

      Thank you. I am glad you enjoyed the article. I do agree that those who hold to a dispensational view of scripture have no balance in their interpretive methodology and see no fulfillment with the first coming of Christ.

      God bless you.

  7. Pam Freeland
    July 14, 2014 at 7:03 pm

    “… want to declare that believing Jews will inherit the land while believing Gentiles inherit heaven”. This distinction caught my attention. What I would like to understand better, is what do the two groups believe, either the same or differently, regarding what “heaven” is.
    Does one group, or both believe the future dwelling place of God and believers, i.e. “heaven” (not heavens like space) is a place away from the earth, or is “heaven” a solid physical existence, like here now, but on a new earth of some sort, either renewed or recreated ? Does my question make sense? thanks !

    • July 27, 2014 at 8:37 am

      Thank you Pam for visiting and reading this blog. Both groups believe that heaven will be on this earth, but dispensationalists place a time qualifier on when the Church will actually inherit this earth. In other words, dispensationalists believe that prior to a seven year tribulation Christ will come to take believers with him to heaven. After the seven year tribulation Christ returns with the Church and sets up a thousand year reign. During this time all the promises to Israel will be fulfilled. After the thousand years Christ makes all things new and heaven is moved to earth. Of course, some dispensationalists believe that the new city is never moved to earth, but instead hovers over the earth for eternity.

      Nowhere does the Bible ever mention a seven year tribulation. Dispensationalists come by this doctrine by reading a gap into scripture between the 69th and 70th week mentioned in Daniel 9:24-27. This reading into scripture is what is called in the study of hermeneutics as eisegesis. Eisegesis is an erroneous method of interpretation. We are to never read into scripture what scripture has not declared, but are to use the method known in hermeneutics as exegesis. The term exegesis means to ‘draw out of.’ We are to ‘draw out of’ what the scripture actually states. Also we are to interpret scripture according to the genre in which it was written. We are to interpret poetry (Psalms, Proverbs, etc…), as poetry. The narrative, as narrative, didactic, as didactic, and so forth. The book of Revelation is written in the apocalyptic genre and should be interpreted as such. The book of Revelation is the only place in which a dispensationalists can find reference to a thousand years. The symbolical language in which Revelation is written calls for us to interpret it as symbolical and apocalyptic and therefore the thousand years mentioned in Revelation 20 cannot be literal. Just as Satan cannot be bound by a literal chain. John wrote the book of Revelation and the little epistle 1 John. He did not mean to convey in the book of Revelation that more time is to come after this age, because he wrote in 1 John 2:18 Little children, it is the last time…. If it is the last time or final days, then how could a thousand more years follow the last time? If a thousand more years follow the ‘last time,’ then the thousand years would be ‘the last time.’

      I hope this helps in your study of these things.

      Blessings.

  8. Martha Damsky
    July 20, 2014 at 9:23 am

    wow I am not believing what I am reading here..been reformed/presbyterian all my life..my dad was ordained minister in both denominations..the new testament is the fulfillment of the old testament not the replacement of it..two very very different things..Jesus did not come to start a new religion and the church is not a replacement for Israel..I knew over the last several years something was going off course but couldnt quite figure it out…the recent controversy of the pcus divestment really finally brought it all out to light. so many members all over the US not even being made fully aware the basic tenets of their faith have been altered in their churches. well i recently left pcusa and hoped to go back to the rca but now just going to look elsewhere it seems some kind of strange theological delusion has taken over..

    • July 27, 2014 at 8:08 am

      Greetings Martha and welcome to my blog. You have hit the nail on the head in your assessment of what Jesus came to do. He came to fulfill all that was promised to Israel (the elect of Israel) and to expand Israel to include all nations. After God scattered all men at the Tower of Babel, he immediately calls out Abraham. He then gives Abraham a promise that in him shall all families of the earth be blessed. God’s calling out of Abraham was his plan to save all types of men of which he scattered at the Tower of Babel. The promises of Abraham are to all the spiritual descendants of Abraham and not his physical descendants.

      Unfortunately, dispensationalists have fallen into the error of the Jewish mindset. They hold to the same interpretation of these promises as the Jews did of Christ day. Dispensationalists believe that the promises are to Abraham’s physical seed. But Paul refutes this in the book of Galatians by stating that all those in Christ are Abraham’s seed and heirs according to the promise Galatians 3:29.

      Thank you for visiting and reading this blog.

  9. July 25, 2014 at 2:42 pm

    any thoughts on a somewhat newer strain of thought/theology called “Jewish Roots” or “Hebraic Roots”?
    They are rabidly anti-dispensational, believing it to be anti-semitic because (in that system) God is going to judge Israel in the tribulation period.
    But if they are rabidly anti-dispensational, they are fire breathing, foot stomping, wet-hornet angry when it comes to anything remotely construed “replacement theology.”

    • July 28, 2014 at 6:49 am

      Thank you Wayne for reading and visiting my blog.

      I can’t help you concerning your question as I am not familiar with that particular doctrine. I have plenty experience within dispensationalism having studied and memorized all of Scofield’s notes. I used to be fascinated by Jack Van Impe and could quote all the so-called scriptures by memory that were supposed to line up with their view of eschatology.

      After having taken a course in hermeneutics I realized that what I was doing was basically ripping scripture from context and making it a proof text. This is a poor method of interpretation.

      Blessings and thanks for your question.

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