Home > Covenant Theology > The Covenants-Chapter 4g-The Covenant of Redemption

The Covenants-Chapter 4g-The Covenant of Redemption

Another of the parties in the covenant of redemption was God the Son.

Nor were his acts in this behalf, less sovereign than those of the Father. In all respects both the Father and the Son were moved by the same considerations. It was the prerogative, however, alone of the Son, to assume our nature, thus becoming our representative head, in a sense similar to that sustained to us by “the first Adam,” to meet, and satisfy on our behalf, all the claims of divine justice. Having assumed this relation in the covenant, he was substituted in our place. His acts, therefore, had legal respect to those whom he represented, and by the supreme Lawgiver were held as a full equivalent for the sins of his people. Having in himself the power to redeem us, he gladly undertook this great work. He himself says in regard to it, “I delight to do thy will, O my God.” He is indeed expressly made known to us as “The second Adam.” “The first man Adam, was made a living soul. The last Adam was made a quickening Spirit. Howbeit that was not first which was spiritual, but that which was natural, and afterward that which is spiritual. The first man is of the earth, earthy. The second man is the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy. And as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.” And still more. “Not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift. For the judgment was by one to condemnation; but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one, much more they who receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life, by one, Jesus Christ.” Thus clearly stated is the representative character of Adam and of Christ. The result of their agencies were different; the one being the cause of guilt, depravity, and death; the other of righteousness, sanctification, and life. Their relations to us are similar, the federal association of Christ being as clearly stated as is that of Adam. If the first man had not been our federal head, we should not have suffered by his transgression. If the second man, “the Lord from heaven,” had not been our federal head, we should not have been benefited by his obedience. Our relations to them being alike, Paul says, “As by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” He in a word became, by this covenant, our Mediator, “According as it is written,” “There is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.”

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

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  1. January 27, 2019 at 7:58 am

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