Home > Calvinism, Election > The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination Chapter XXVI- A Comparison with the Mohammedan doctrine of predestination

The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination Chapter XXVI- A Comparison with the Mohammedan doctrine of predestination

The Reformed Doctrine Of Predestination

Chapter XXVI

A COMPARISON WITH THE MOHAMMEDAN DOCTRINE OF PREDESTINATION

1. Elements Which the Two Doctrines Have in Common. 2. Mohammedan Tendency Toward Fatalism. 3. Christian Doctrine Not Derived From Mohammedanism. 4. The Two Doctrines Contrasted.

1. ELEMENTS WHICH THE TWO DOCTRINES HAVE IN COMMON

While Mohammedanism is a false religion and utterly destitute of power to save the soul from sin, there are certain elements of truth in the system, and we are under obligation to honor truth regardless of the source from which it comes. “The strength of Mohammedanism,” says Froude, “was that it taught the omnipotence and omnipresence of one eternal Spirit, the Maker and Ruler of all things, by whose everlasting purpose all things were, and whose will all things must obey.” 1 The striking similarity between the Biblical and the Koranic doctrines of Predestination has been noticed by many writers. Dr. Samuel M. Zwemer, who in a very real sense can be referred to as “the apostle to the Mohammedan world,” calls attention to the strange parallel between the Reformation in Europe under Calvin and that in Arabia under Mohammed. Says he: “Islam is indeed in many respects the Calvinism of the Orient. It, too, was a call to acknowledge the sovereignty of God’s will. ‘There is no god but God.’ It, too, saw in nature and sought in revelation the majesty of God’s presence and power, and manifestations of His glory, transcendent and omnipotent. ‘God,’ says Mohammed, ‘there is no god but He, the living, the self-subsistent, slumber seizeth Him not, nor sleep — His throne embraceth the heavens and the earth and none can intercede with Him save by His permission. He alone is exalted and great’ . . . . It is this vital theistic principle that explains the victory of Islam over the weak divided and idolatrous Christendom of the Orient in the sixth century . . . . The Message of Mohammed, when he first unfurled the green banner, ‘There is no god but God; God is king, and you must and shall obey His will,’ was one of the simplest accounts ever offered of the nature of God and His relation to man . . . . This was Islam, as it was offered at the sword’s point to people who had lost the power of understanding any other argument.”2

In addition to the Koran there are a number of orthodox traditions which claim to give Mohammed’s teachings on the subject. Some of these tell in almost identical language how before the person is born an angel descends and writes his destiny. It is said that the angel inquires, “O my Lord, miserable or blessed? whereupon one or the other is written down; and: O my Lord, a male or a female? Whereupon one or the other is written down. He also writes down the moral conduct of the new being, its career, its term of life, and its allotment of good. Then (it is said to him): Roll up the leaves, for no addition shall be made thereto, nor anything taken therefrom.” In another tradition we read of a messenger of God speaking thus: “There is no one of you — there is no soul born whose place, whether Paradise or Hell, has not been predetermined by God, and which has not been registered beforehand as either miserable or blessed.” 3

But while the Koran and the traditions teach a strict foreordination of moral conduct and future destiny, they also present a doctrine of human freedom which makes it necessary for us to qualify the sharper assertions of divine Predestination in harmony with it. And here, too, as in the Scriptures, no attempt is made to explain how the apparently opposite truths of Divine sovereignty and human freedom are to be reconciled.

Loraine Boettner- The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination

 

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