Posts Tagged ‘Commentary’

The Translation of the Phrase “the Lord’s Day”

Copyright © 2016 Richard C. Barcellos. All rights reserved.

Note the translation of the particular phrase under consideration—“the Lord’s day.” It is not translated “the day of the Lord,” as in 2 Peter 3:10, because it is a different construction and uses a different word for “Lord.” Second Peter 3:10 reads, ἡμέρα κυρίου (hēmera kyriou [“the day of the Lord”]). The word κυρίου (kyriou [“of the Lord”]) is a genitive masculine singular noun. It comes from κύριος (kyrios), a noun meaning “Lord.” In the context of 2 Peter 3, “the day of the Lord” clearly refers to the eschatological day of the Lord, “the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning” (2 Pet. 3:12). Peter is clearly referring to the last day judgment, the day of the resurrection (see John 5:28-29 and 6:40).

Revelation 1:10, however, reads τῇ κυριακῇ ἡμέρᾳ (tē kyriakē hēmera [“the Lord’s day”]). The word κυριακῇ (kyriakē), translated “Lord’s,” is a dative feminine singular adjective, agreeing in case and gender with the noun it modifies…




Read the entire article here.

1689 Commentary Update

Nov 20, 2015- I just posted a revised and updated commentary on chapter 9, Of Free Will. Your will is at liberty to take a look if you so desire. Read the commentary here.

Mar 22, 2016- I just posted a significantly revised and updated commentary on chapter 10, Of Effectual Calling. Read the commentary here.

Mar 22, 2016- I just posted a moderate revision and updated commentary on chapter 11, Of Justification. Read the commentary here.


Source [1689 Commentary]

A Reformed Baptist View of I Cor. 7:14

December 10, 2015 Leave a comment

by Stan Reeves

For the unbelieving husband is sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband; for otherwise your children are unclean, but now they are holy. I Cor. 7:14



The implications of I Cor. 7:14 for the issue of infant baptism have often been debated by baptists and paedobaptists. Regrettably, both sides have been guilty of handling this passage in a simplistic manner. The paedobaptist errors are particularly disturbing, since most paedobaptists appeal to this passage to help establish their case for infant baptism. To read some of their claims, one would think that the passage implies infant baptism in a most obvious way. A closer examination, however, reveals that this passage offers no support for infant baptism; in fact, we will see that the passage actually argues against infant baptism.

A Critique of the Paedobaptist Interpretation

The paedobaptist argument from I Cor. 7:14 is expressed well by John Murray:

The apostle was writing to encourage them against this fear [that their Christian standing would be prejudiced by this mixed relationship]. The encouragement he provides is that the unbelieving husband is sanctified in the wife and the unbelieving wife is sanctified in the brother. In order to reinforce the argument drawn from this principle he appeals to what had been apparently recognised among the Corinthians, namely, that the children of even one believing parent were not unclean but rather holy. (Christian Baptism, p. 64)




Read then entire article here.

1689 Commentary Update has just posted I have just posted a substantial revision and update of chapter 8, Of Christ the Mediator. It is 45 pages with 103 footnotes w/ an Appendix.

1.It pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, according to the Covenant made between them both, to be the mediator between God and man; the prophet, priest, and king; head and saviour of the church, the heir of all things, and judge of the world; unto whom he did from all eternity give a people to be his seed and to be by him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified. (Isaiah 42:1; 1 Peter 1:19, 20; Acts 3:22; Hebrews 5:5, 6; Psalms 2:6; Luke 1:33; Ephesians 1:22, 23; Hebrews 1:2; Acts 17:31; Isaiah 53:10; John 17:6; Romans 8:30)

We now come to an especially important chapter for it is about the nature and work of Christ—the mediator. What is a mediator? A mediator is “one who intervenes between two parties, especially for the purpose of effecting reconciliation; one who brings about (a peace, a treaty) or settles (a dispute) by mediation.”[1] God has a legal case against man since he failed to abide by the terms of the covenant of works; Christ effectively mediates for peace on behalf of his elect in that legal case. Thus this chapter addresses the characteristics of this mediator and what he did to settle the law suit between God and man. This particular paragraph begins by discussing eternal matters. As so,….




Read the commentary here.

Poor Man’s Commentary on the Old Testament (6-Volumes) by Robert Hawker

January 27, 2015 6 comments

Genesis – Numbers (.pdf)commentaryot_0

Deuteronomy – 2 Samuel (.pdf)

1 Kings – Esther (.pdf)

Job- Psalms (.pdf)

Proverbs – Lamentations (.pdf)

Ezekiel – Malachi (.pdf)


HT: Grace eBooks

Charles Spurgeon exhorted his students, “Gentlemen, if you want something full of marrow and fatness, cheering to your own hearts by way of comment, and likely to help you in giving to your hearers rich expositions, buy Dr. Hawker’s Poor Man’s Commentary . . . he sees Jesus, and that is a sacred gift which is most precious.” Delve into the exegetical and devotional writings of one of the most influential preachers and theologians of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century England. His thoroughly Christ-centered view of Scripture comes through clearly in his extensive nine vol. commentary on the whole Bible. According to Joel R. Beeke of Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary, “Hawker increased in fame and popularity as a powerful ‘high Calvinist’ preacher” and “was remarkably winsome in preaching Christ to all.” Hawker brings his homiletical skill to the reading of Scripture in this rich commentary. His two devotional volumes, included in this collection, will guide you through deep morning and evening meditations on God’s Word. Also included in this collection is The Poor Man’s Dictionary, Hawker’s nearly 1,000-page work on the words of the Old and New Testaments, written as a companion volume to his commentaries. Much more than a dictionary, this work provides encyclopedic and theological treatment on all the words in the Bible.

The first volume of Hawker’s extensive commentary covers Genesis through Numbers. Hawker leads you through the scriptural record of creation, the flood, the lives of the patriarchs, and the creation of Israel as a nation. At each turn, Hawker illuminates Christ from these Old Testament passages.

Volume 2 of Hawker’s Old Testament commentary covers Deuteronomy through 2 Samuel. Hawker guides you with devotional richness through the wilderness with the Israelites and into the promised land of Canaan, through the period of the judges and into the establishment of the Israelite monarchy. Rather than merely presenting moralistic examples of biblical figures, Hawker illuminates the pointers to Christ in people and events like the battle between David and Goliath. “We may read this passage sweetly indeed, if we behold in it some faint outlines of Jesus, who in his gracious undertaking for our deliverance is represented by the prophet, who, when he saw that there none to help in all the armies of Israel, and when all hearts gathered blackness, his own arm brought salvation, and of the people, there was none with him. Isaiah 63:3–5.”

Volume 3 of Hawker’s Old Testament commentary covers 1 Kings through Esther. Hawker takes these historical books of the Bible and shows the life and vibrancy that they communicate as they point to Christ. Join Hawker on this rich journey through the history of Israel.

Volume 4 of Hawker’s Old Testament commentary covers Job through Psalms. In explaining his earthly ministry to the disciples, Jesus said in Luke 24:44: “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Perhaps no one has taken the Christ-centeredness of the Psalms as vigorously as Hawker. With this volume, you can read comments by this master preacher on everything written about Christ in the Psalms.

Volume 5 covers Proverbs through Lamentations. Read Hawker’s rich devotional reflections as he takes you through the wisdom literature of Scripture. He does not stop at the moral application of these texts, but goes on to show how they point to Christ and ultimately strengthen our faith in his work, not our own.

This sixth and final volume of the Poor Man’s Old Testament Commentary covers Ezekiel through Malachi. Hawker’s summaries and reflections on each chapter guide you through these books, strengthening your love for the Savior with each passing chapter as Hawker presents the whole Bible as Christian Scripture.




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Free Ebook-Better: A Study of the Christian Life in Hebrews

January 26, 2015 5 comments

better2by Dr. J. Ligon Duncan

Available in ePub and Kindle .mobi formats

Posted with the kind permission of Dr. J. Ligon Duncan, As preached at First Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi in 2013. Lightly edited. These are transcribed messages from First Presbyterian Church, and the reader should presume any error to be with the webmaster/transcriber/editor rather than with the original speaker..

One of America’s most renowned Presbyterian theologians, currently Chancellor of the Reformed Theological Seminary, delivered these sermons in 2013.




Table of Contents

I’d Rather Have Jesus than Angels – Hebrews 1:1-4
More Excellent Than Angels – Hebrews 1:4-14
Neglecting So Great a Salvation – Hebrews 2:1-4
By the Grace of God, He Tasted Death – Hebrews 2:5-9
Surprised By Suffering? – Hebrews 2:10-13
Like His Brethren in All Things – Hebrews 2:14-18
More Glory Than Moses – Hebrews 3:1-6
Don’t Stop Believing – Hebrews 3:7-19
The Rest That Remains – Hebrews 4:1-13
Mercy and Grace in Time of Need – Hebrews 4:14-16
Heard Because of His Reverence – Hebrews 5:1-10
It’s Hard to Explain – Hebrews 5:11-6:3
Falling Away? – Hebrews 6:4-12
Promise + Oath = Hope – Hebrews 6:13-20
Jesus and Melchizedek – Hebrews 7:1-10
The Guarantee of a Better Covenant – Hebrews 7:11-28
The Mediator of a Better Covenant – Hebrews 8:1-13
The Holy Spirit is Signifying This – Hebrews 9:1-14
For This Reason He Is the Mediator of the New Covenant – Hebrews 9:15-28
Once for All – Hebrews 10:1-18
Draw Near, Hold Fast, Consider How – Hebrews 10:19-25
If We Go on Sinning Wilfully – Hebrews 10:26-39
Faith is. . . ? – Hebrews 11:1-7
By Faith, Abraham and Sarah. . . – Hebrews 11:8-19
By Faith, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. . . – Hebrews 11:20-29
He Disciplines Us for Our Good – Hebrews 12:1-3
The Good of Discipline – Hebrews 12:1-11
Preparation for God’s Presence – Hebrews 12:12-17
Mt. Zion – Hebrews 12:18-29
Love The Brethren – Hebrews 13:1-3
Honor Marriage – Hebrews 13:4
Don’t Fall in Love with Money – Hebrews 13:5-6
Those Who Led You – Hebrews 13:7
Let Us Go to Jesus – Hebrews 13:8-14
Live Life as a Sacrifice of Praise – Hebrews 13:15-16
Obey Your Leaders – Hebrews 13:17
Pray for Preachers – Hebrews 13:18-19
The Great Shepherd of the Sheep – Hebrews 13:20-25


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Free Ebook-Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans (9-16)

November 17, 2014 Leave a comment

romans916_0by Dr. J Ligon Duncan

Available in ePub and Kindle .mobi formats

One of America’s most renowned Presbyterian theologians, currently Chancellor of the Reformed Theological Seminary, delivered these sermons in 2001-2002. There are nearly 50 sermons contained in these concluding 8 chapters of sermon manuscripts. If you missed them, click here for the first 8 chapters >>> Expositon to the Epistle to the Romans 1-8.

Posted with the kind permission of Dr. J. Ligon Duncan, As preached at First Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi. Lightly edited. These are transcribed messages from First Presbyterian Church, and the reader should presume any error to be with the webmaster/transcriber/editor rather than with the original speaker..
Table of Contents

The Righteousness of God For Salvation – Romans 9: 1-5
Can God’s Promises Fail? – Romans 9: 6-13
Isn’t It Unfair for God to Choose Some and Not Others? – Romans 9:14-18
How Can God Condemn If We Can’t Resist His Will? – Romans 9:19-23
God’s Purpose to Display His Mercy Against the Backdrop of Evil – Romans 9:22-29
Why Would Someone Reject Salvation? – Romans 9:30-33

The Two Ways of Righteousness – Romans 10:1-13
Faith Comes by Hearing – Romans 10:14-21

A Remnant Believes, Just as Promised – Romans 11:1-5
The Hardening of Israel – Romans 11:6-10
A Hardening for Mercy’s Sake – Romans 11:11-16
A Warning Against Arrogance – Romans 11:17-22
All Israel Will Be Saved – Romans 11:23-27
A Glimpse Into the Decree – Romans 11:28-32
Let Us Love and Sing and Wonder – Romans 11:33-36

A Call to Give Yourself to God – Romans 12:1-2
A Call to Humility and Service – Romans 12:3-8
A Call to Love and Other-centeredness – Romans 12:9-10
A Call to Diligence – Romans 12:11-16
A Call to Seek Peace – Romans 12:17-21

A Christian Response to the 2012 Elections – Romans 13:1-7
A Call to Fulfill the Law Through Love – Romans 13:8-10
A Call to Live in Light of the Coming End – Romans 13:11-14

A Warning Against Judging Brothers (1) – Romans 14:1-12
A Warning Against Judging Brothers (2) – Romans 14:1-12
On Christian Freedom – Romans 14:13-23

Accept One Another – Romans 15:7-13
The Goal of Paul’s Mission – Romans 15:14-21
Our Concern, Desire, Purpose, and Fruit – Romans 15:22-29
A Call to Prayer – Romans 15:30-33

Phoebe and the Ministry of Women in the Early Church – Romans 16:1-2
Ministry in the Family of God – Romans 16:3-16
A Warning Against Schismatics and an Expression of Hope – Romans 16:17-20
Greeting to the Church and Glory to God – on Romans 16:21-27


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Free Ebook-Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans

November 5, 2014 1 comment

romans18bby Dr. J. Ligon Duncan

Available in ePub and Kindle .mobi formats

Posted with the kind permission of Dr. J. Ligon Duncan, As preached at First Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi. Lightly edited. These are transcribed messages from First Presbyterian Church, and the reader should presume any error to be with the webmaster/transcriber/editor rather than with the original speaker..

One of America’s most renowned Presbyterian theologians, currently Chancellor of the Reformed Theological Seminary, delivered these sermons in 2000-2001. There are over 50 sermons in the first eight chapter alone and, Lord willing we will be posting chapters 9-16 soon.




Table of Contents

Greetings from an Apostle – Romans 1:1-7
Paul’s Prayer Report – Romans 1:8-10
Paul’s Purpose to Preach – Romans 1:11-15
Paul’s Good News (The Theme of Romans) – Romans 1:16-17
We Have No Excuse – Romans 1:18-20
We Know God, But Don’t Glorify Him – Romans 1:21-23
God Gave Them Over (1) – Romans 1:24-25
God Gave Them Over (2) – Romans 1:26-27
God Gave Them Over (3) – Romans 1:28-32

We Have No Excuse – Romans 2:1-3
Contempt for God’s Kindness – Romans 2:4
God Will Judge Justly – Romans 2:5-11
God’s Righteous Judgment on All – Romans 2:12-16
The Jew’s Confidence Empty – Romans 2:17-20
The Jew’s Failure – Romans 2:21-24
The Difference Between Inward and Outward Righteousness – Romans 2:25-29

Objection Overruled (1) – Romans 3:1-4
Objection Overruled (2) – Romans 3:5-8
All Are Under Sin – Romans 3:9-18
The Law Can’t Save You – Romans 3:19-20
The Righteousness Which Comes by Faith (1) – Romans 3:21-26
Justification by Grace Through Faith – Romans 3:21-26
God, in the Gospel of His Son – Romans 3:21-26
Justification by Grace Through Faith (2) – Romans 3:21-26
The Instrument by Which We Receive the Righteousness of God: Faith – Romans 3:27-31
Faith Alone – Romans 3:27-31
The Implication of Justification – Romans 3:27-31

The Bible Says Abraham Was Justified by Faith! – Romans 4:1-3
David Understood Justification by Faith – Romans 4:4-8
Faith and the Covenant Sign of Circumcision – Romans 4:9-12
Faith and the Law – Romans 4:13-15
Faith, Grace and the Spiritual Seed – Romans 4:16-17
Abraham’s Faith and Ours – Romans 4:18-25

Justification By Faith Means Peace with God – Romans 5:1-2
Justification By Faith Means the Ability to Rejoice in Suffering – Romans 5:3-5
Justification By Faith Flows from the Love of God – Romans 5:6-8
Justification By Faith Means Freedom From God’s Wrath – Romans 5:9-11
The Broken Covenant of Works Brought Death into the World – Romans 5:12-14
The Covenant of Grace Stands in Bold Contrast to the Broken Covenant of Works – Romans 5:15-17
The Parallels Between the Broken Covenant of Works and the Covenant of Grace – Romans 5:18-19
The Law, the Covenant of Works, and Grace – Romans 5:20-21
Grace Reigns in Righteousness – Romans 5:21

United to Christ – Romans 6:1-7
Living in Christ – Romans 6:8-14
Under Grace – Romans 6:15-18
Slaves of Righteousness – Romans 6:19-23

The Newness of the Spirit – Romans 7:1-6
What Should We Think of the Law? – Romans 7:7-12
The Believer’s Struggle with Sin – Romans 7:13-25

Delivered by the Spirit by Death of Christ – Romans 8:1-4
Flesh and Spirit – Romans 8:5-11
Children of God – Romans 8:12-17
Present Suffering/ Future Glory – Romans 8:18-25
The Spirit Intercedes for Us – Romans 8:26-27
The Purpose of God – Romans 8:28-39
God is for Us, So Who is Against Us? – Romans 8:31-32
God Has Justified Us, So Who Can Condemn Us? – Romans 8:33-34
More than Conquerors – Romans 8:35-39



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Free Ebook: John (St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary) [Kindle Edition]

January 6, 2014 8 comments

John Gospel-SproulIf I am not mistaken this was the very first commentary Sproul wrote on books of the Bible. It is available as a free download now through

Here is the detailed info, as listed on Amazon:


“In his latest book, John, Dr. R. C. Sproul offers his readers the fruits of his lifetime of biblical study as expressed in his most recent calling.

Dr. Sproul, a respected seminary teacher, conference speaker, and author, long saw his role in full-time Christian ministry as centered on the task of teaching. But in 1997, God placed him in the position of preaching weekly at St. Andrew’s in Sanford, Florida. There, he adopted the ancient Christian practice of lectio continua, or continuous expositions, the method of preaching verse-by-verse through books of the Bible (rather than choosing a new topic each week). Since taking up this task at St. Andrew’s, Dr. Sproul has preached through several books of the Bible, including the Gospel of John.

Encouraged by his congregation at St. Andrew’s, Dr. Sproul has now begun to adapt these sermon series for a wider audience. The result is the St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary, which is being jointly published by Reformation Trust Publishing and Crossway Books.

In John, Dr. Sproul confesses that he attained a new depth of understanding of the Gospel when he preached through the book. Nevertheless, he came to the Gospel after much study of it, and that familiarity is readily apparent from the first chapter on the Prologue of John’s Gospel to the final chapter on Peter’s restoration.

John includes fifty-seven chapters, each of which began as a St. Andrew’s sermon. Dr. Sproul deals with major themes as he moves through the book passage by passage. Though the book is an “expositional commentary” that is, it does not deal with each and every verse, it unpacks major themes in Dr. Sproul’s easily understandable style. Readers will find invaluable insights into the goals John had in writing his Gospel, the background for Jesus’ time, and the meanings of some of John’s most difficult passages.

John is an easily readable introduction to this unique record of Jesus’ life, packed with insights and exhortations that will draw the reader closer to the Savior and encourage him or her to a greater depth of love and devotion to Him.”



To download your free copy, click here.

Interpreting Revelation

February 24, 2012 2 comments

Interpreting Revelation by Cornelis P. Venema

Reblogged from Ligonier Ministries

The interpretation of the book of Revelation has often proven difficult throughout the history of the Christian church. Though it is little more than a piece of scholarly gossip, some have even suggested that the Reformer John Calvin, one of the best interpreters of the Scriptures the church has known, shied away from writing a commentary on the book of Revelation for this very reason. There is no evidence to support this claim, and we do have Calvin’s commentary on the book of Daniel, which gives a fairly clear picture as to how Calvin would have interpreted the book of Revelation had he written a commentary on it. But the tenacious hold this Calvin legend has on the popular imagination bears witness to a broad consensus that the book of Revelation remains an impenetrable mystery even to the ablest of interpreters.

There is only one approach to Revelation that has strengths, but no weaknesses and this is the “Idealist” approach. It is the only view that sees the book as relevant to the whole church from Pentecost till Christ coming.