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The Covenants-Chapter 9o- The Teachings of the Covenant

7. All these covenants, both those which promised the coming of Messiah, and those which so carefully directed the circumstances in relation to his advent, point, in the last place, for their complete and final consummation, to the second coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. “As it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment; so Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him, shall he appear the second time, without sin, unto salvation.” [30] The mediatorial work, to which he was assigned, by the covenant of redemption, will one day be finished. He will at last have “made up his jewels.” Then will he “deliver up the kingdom to God, even the Father;’ having” put down all rule, and all authority, and power; for he must reign till be hath put all enemies under his feet.” [31] He himself said:- Hereafter shall ye “see the son of man coming in the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory.” [32] His apostles take up this declaration, and repeat it; assuring us that at his second coming, “he shall descend from heaven with a. shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God, and [that] the dead in Christ shall rise first. Then we who are alive and remain, shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air; and so shall we be ever with the Lord.” [33] How great is that grace which by his first coming, you have already received! And how unspeakable will be “the glory which will be revealed in you,” when he shall come again! Characteristic of the one advent it is said:- “The grace of God which bringeth salvation, hath appeared unto all men, teaching us that denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously and godly, in this present world.” By the other, we are authorised to look “for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God, and our Saviour, Jesus Christ,”[34] “who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.”[35] To what amazing events then, are we destined. They shall not however, occur until the gospel has achieved all its earthly triumphs. “The kingdoms of this world must” first ‘”become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ.” “Then cometh the end.” Time ceases. Christ, and his people, are glorified together. Heaven is filled with everlasting rejoicing.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

The first Covenant

How came it about? Learn the doctrine of the two covenants.

The first covenant of which we will now speak was that of works, the covenant made with our first father, Adam. This is not first in purpose, but it was first revealed in time. It ran thus: you Adam, and your posterity shall live and be happy if you will keep my law. To test your obedience to me, there is a certain tree; if you let that alone, you shall live: if you touch it, you shall die, and they shall die whom you represent.

Our first covenant-head snatched greedily at the forbidden fruit, and fell: and what a fall was there, my brethren! There you, and I, and all of us, fell down, while it was proven once for all that, by works of law no man can be justified; for if perfect Adam broke the law so readily, depend upon it, you and I would break any law that God had ever made. There was no hope of happiness for any of us by a covenant which contained an “if” in it. That old covenant is pub away, for it has utterly failed. It brought nothing to us but a curse, and we are glad that it has waxed old and, as far as believers are concerned, has vanished away.

Charles H. Spurgeon- “The Covenant,” A Sermon Published on Thursday, Aug 3rd, 1911, (Spurgeon had passed away by now, having died in 1892), Another Sermon by C. H. Spurgeon, upon the same text, is No. 2,681 in Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, “Covenant Blessings.”

The relationship of our race to Adam or Christ divides men into two classes

The relationship of our race to Adam or Christ divides men into two classes, each receiving nature and destiny from its respective head. All the individuals who comprise these two classes are so identified with their heads that it has justly been said, “There have been but two men in the world, and two facts in history.” These two men are Adam and Christ; the two facts are the disobedience of the former, by which many were made sinners, and the obedience of the latter, by which many were made righteous. By the former came ruin, by the latter came redemption; and neither ruin nor redemption can be Scripturally apprehended except as they are seen to be accomplished by thos representatives, and except we understand the relationships expressed by being “in Adam” and “in Christ.”

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part Two-The Adamic Covenant

The Covenants-Chapter 9n- The Teachings of the Covenant

November 29, 2019 Leave a comment

It must, I think, be plain to you, that no such “institution” as this appears in the word of God. What! A mere ordinance, administered by men, and having the effect “to give assurance to those who receive it,” that they shall be recipients of all the blessings promised in the gospel covenant! Can this be reconciled with the teachings of evangelical religion? Never. It attributes to baptism and to the Lord’s supper, vastly more of efficacy than ever was assigned them by the great author of our salvation. But as to the alleged “institution” itself; where were “the signs and seals” of the covenant of Eden, in which we have the original announcement of a Deliverer from sin? There were none. Where were the “signs and seals” of “the covenant confirmed of God in Christ” to Abraham, and which has been called “the covenant of grace?” There were none. To find them our brethren are obliged to resort to quite another covenant—the covenant of circumcision—a license not allowable in Biblical interpretation. Where were “the signs and seals” of the covenant which gave to Abraham the land of Canaan, and made him a separate nation? Where the “signs and seals” of the covenant of Sinai? No such “institutions,” appear. The rainbow was no seal, or “visible sign of an invisible grace,” to Noah, or to any one else. It was simply a token” pledging God, according to his promise, not again to destroy the world by a flood of waters. Nor was circumcision itself, of which our brethren have made so much, either a sign, or a seal, in the popular theological sense, of any thing, to any one, beyond Abraham himself. “He received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had, yet being uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised.”[27] This is Paul’s exposition of the subject. If he is right, then circumcision was to Abraham himself, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had before his circumcision. But it was no seal, or “visible sign of invisible grace,’ to any one else, even among the Hebrews, either in his day, or afterwards. Thus baseless, not to say mischievous, is this whole doctrine of “signs and seals of the covenants,” in its application even to circumcision. How much more baseless is it, and mischievous, when it is made to refer to baptism and the Lord’s supper! These ordinances are to their recipients, signs and seals of nothing whatever. They bear glorious testimony that “Christ died for our sins” according to the scriptures; and that he was buried; and that he rose again from the dead, the third day, according to the scriptures.” [28] But they are no “institution of which it is the design to signify the blessings promised in the [gospel] covenant, and to give an assurance of them, to those by whom its terms are fulfilled” [29] The whole doctrine “of signs and seal” is utterly destitute of authority; and all its teachings manifestly in conflict with evangelical christianity; since they attribute to these ordinances, results which belong exclusively to the work of the Holy Spirit.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

God has made a covenant with certain people that he will do all this for them, and in each case it is of pure grace

November 28, 2019 Leave a comment

Let us just go a little into detail about this. God has made a covenant with certain people that he will do all this for them, and in each case it is of pure grace. He will take away their own hearts: it is clear from the promise that, when he began with them, they had stony hearts. He will forgive their iniquities: when he began with them, they had my iniquities. He will give them a heart of flesh: when he began with them, they had not heart of flesh. He will turn them to keep his statutes: when he began with them, they did not keep his statutes. They were a sinful, willful, wicked, degenerate people, and he called to them many times to come to him, and repent, but they would not. Here he speaks like a king, and no longer pleads, but decrees. He says, I will do this and that to you, and you shall be this and this in return. Oh, blessed covenant! Oh, mighty, sovereign, grace!

Charles H. Spurgeon- “The Covenant,” A Sermon Published on Thursday, Aug 3rd, 1911, (Spurgeon had passed away by now, having died in 1892), Another Sermon by C. H. Spurgeon, upon the same text, is No. 2,681 in Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, “Covenant Blessings.”

When Adam stood in Eden as a responsible being before God

November 26, 2019 Leave a comment

When Adam stood in Eden as a responsible being before God, he stood there as a federal head, as the legal representative of all his posterity. Hence, when Adam sinned, all for whom he was standing are accounted as having sinned; when he fell, all whom he represented fell; when he died, they died. So too was it with Christ. When He came to this earth, He, too, stood in a federal relationship to His own people; and when He became obedient unto death, all for whom He was acting were accounted righteous; when He rose again from the dead, all whom He represented rose with Him; when He ascended on high, they were regarded as ascending with Him. “For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Cor. 15:22).

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part Two-The Adamic Covenant

The Covenants-Chapter 9m- The Teachings of the Covenant

November 22, 2019 6 comments

6. These covenants teach you, sixthly, that the entire series of “signs and seals of grace,” which our brethren have engrafted upon them, is not only wholly imaginary, but also highly pernicious. And what are these “signs and seals,” which you have been so often told, are invariable appendages of the covenants? Dr. Dick says: “A seal has been defined to he the visible sign of an invisible grace; and may be more generally described as an institution of which it is the design to signify the blessings promised in the covenant, and to give an assurance of them to those by whom its terms are fulfilled.”[24] Our brethren proceed accordingly, to find seals of some sort, for all the covenants, which they do not fail to account as so many “signs of invisible grace!” Of the law, or “covenant of works,” under which man was originally created, they affirm that “The tree of life” was the seal. But in this conclusion all are not agreed, some insisting that “The tree of the knowledge of good and evil” was the seal; others that it was” Paradise;” and still others that it was “the Sabbath day.”[25] The learned Witsius however, takes bold ground, and assumes that all these four things were legitimately, so many seals of the covenant.[26] For the sign and seal of the covenant with Noah, they point you to the rainbow; and for the sign and seal of ” the covenant confirmed of God in Christ,” to Abraham, they refer you to circumcision. Under the New Testament, baptism and the Lord’s supper, they teach you are the seals which signify, and the signs of the blessings, promised in the gospel covenant!

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants