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Posts Tagged ‘Old Covenant’

In Hebrews 9:15 and 12:24 Christ is styled “the mediator of the new covenant

Once more, in Hebrews 9:15 and 12:24 Christ is styled “the mediator of the new covenant,” because it is by His efficacious satisfaction and prevailing intercession that all its blessings are now imparted to its beneficiaries. Christ now stands between God and His people, advocating their cause (1 John 2:1) and speaking a word in season to him that is weary Isa. 50:4). But how could Christ sustain such offices as these unless the covenant had been made with Him (Gal. 3:17) and the execution of it had been undertaken by Him (Heb. 10:5-7)? “Now the God of peace, which brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant” (Heb. 13:20): that one phrase is quite sufficient to establish the fact that an organic connection existed between the covenant of grace and the sacrifice of Christ. In response to Christ’s execution of its terms, the Father now says to Him, “By the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners those given to Him before the foundation of the world, but in Adam fallen under condemnation) out of the pit wherein is no water” (Zech. 9:11).

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant

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The Covenants-Chapter 8f- The Old Covenant and the New Covenant

Thus have we seen that the two classes of covenants, which have passed in review before us, are resolved in effect, into two covenants; that they are so received, and expounded by Christ, and his apostles; that the old covenant, or testament—the Mosaic law—was in its nature, although glorious in itself, and in its purposes, necessarily temporary, and superseded by the gospel—the new covenant, or testament; that the Gentile, as well as the Jewish world, needed a preparation, and what that preparation was, for the coming of Messiah; and the nature and excellence of that new covenant, which is “the glorious gospel of the blessed God.” Thanks to “the Father of all our mercies,” redemption is now no longer a matter of promise merely. It is a joyful reality. Christ Jesus, the Messiah, the Deliverer, has come, and accomplished his exalted mission. The work is done. It is our privilege, and honor, to live in the midst of the light and glory of the gospel.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

In Malachi 3:1 Christ is designated “the messenger of the covenant”

In Malachi 3:1 Christ is designated “the messenger of the covenant,” because a came here to make known its contents and proclaim its glad tidings. He came forth from the Father to reveal and publish His amazing grace for lost sinners. In Hebrews 7:22 Christ is denominated “the surety at a better covenant.” A surety is one who is legally constituted the representative of others, and thereby comes under an engagement to fulfill certain obligations in their name and for their benefit. There is not a single legal obligation which the elect owed unto God but what Christ has fully and perfectly discharged; He has paid the whole debt of His insolvent people, settling all their liabilities. In Hebrews 9:16 Christ is called “the testator” of the covenant or testament, and this, because to Him belong its riches, to Him pertain its privileges; and because He has, in His unbounded goodness, bequeathed them as so many inestimable legacies unto His people.

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant

The Covenants-Chapter 8e- The Old Covenant and the New Covenant

We now for a moment, in conclusion, consider the exalted design, and nature of this new covenant— the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.

These are presented in a single sentence, by the Saviour himself:—”God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” And Paul said to the Corinthian; “I declare unto you the gospel, which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand, by which also ye are saved;” “how that Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures; and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day, according to the scriptures.” To Timothy he said, “this is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners.” “We preach,” said he, in another place, “Christ crucified; to the Jews a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness; but to them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.” But still more fully and explicitly; “The love of Christ constraineth us, because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead; and that he died for all, that they who live, should not, henceforth, live unto themselves, but unto him who died for them, and rose again.” “Therefore, if any man be in Christ Jesus, he is a new creature. Old things have passed away; behold all things have become new. And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us unto himself by Jesus Christ.” “For God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them;” and “hath made him, who knew no sin, to be sin for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” In these, and like inspired expositions, we have a true representation of the gospel covenant. It teaches us that we are depraved, and sinful, and that while we remain in this condition, we must continue under the wrath of God, and thus wholly disqualified for happiness, and heaven; it teaches us that the mercy of God, originating exclusively in himself, could reach the estate of guilty and lost men, only through the great sacrifice of his Son, our adorable Redeemer, who came into our world, fulfilled in our behalf all the claims of divine justice, and through his own mediation offers us salvation, and eternal life; it teaches us that “with this sacrifice God is well pleased,” and can through him, consistently pardon the sinner, and does pardon all, however guilty, who believe in his Son our Saviour; and it teaches us that he sends into the heart of every true penitent, the Holy Spirit, by whose ministry he is regenerated, sanctified, and prepared to be an eternal inhabitant of the kingdom of glory.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

The everlasting covenant or covenant of grace is that mutual agreement into which the Father entered with His Son

The everlasting covenant or covenant of grace is that mutual agreement into which the Father entered with His Son before the foundation of the world respecting the salvation of His elect, Christ being appointed the mediator, He willingly consenting to be their head and representative. That there is a divine covenant to which Christ stands related, and that the great work which He performed here on earth was the discharge of His covenant office, is very plain from many Scriptures, first of all, from the covenant titles which He bears. In Isaiah 42:6 we hear the Father saying to the Son: “I the Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will hold throe hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles.” As a covenantee in it, Christ is thus “given” unto His people, as the pledge of all its blessings (cf. Rom. 8:32). He is the representative of His people in it. He is, in His n person and work, the sum and substance of it. He has fulfilled all its terms, and now dispenses its rewards.

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant

The Covenants-Chapter 8d- The Old Covenant and the New Covenant

Yet science, literature, cultivation, which thus in the providence of God had arisen, were, in another aspect, of unspeakable value. They were indispensible as a preparation of the Gentiles for Messiah’s advent. The new covenant—the gospel—to be promulgated by “God manifest in the flesh,” embodies a system of spiritual truth, which without such training, the people could never have understood, nor appreciated. While, therefore, all these advantages clearly proved that something higher was needed, they placed men in an attitude to examine, and intelligently to receive that exalted boon. The claims of the gospel must, for example, be tested by miracle. But the state of knowledge in a barbarous age, would have rendered miracles— which in all cases, must suspend, or change, or reverse the laws of nature—wholly useless, since unless these laws are to a certain extent known, it cannot be determined when, in specified instances, any of these results actually occur. Therefore the people could not have known whether the wonders they saw, were really miracles, the proper results of certain natural laws, or mere delusions practiced upon their credulity. And so in regard to other forms of testimony, by which the gospel is sustained. An uncultivated community would have been incompetent judges; and even had they been convinced themselves, their witness would have been met by others, with utter incredulity. The cultivation of philosophy therefore, and the sciences generally, prepared men to examine, approve, and embrace the glorious Messiah. And a highly cultivated literature was also equally demanded. The language of an ignorant people, would have been unequal to the task of embodying, and transmitting the sublime conceptions of Christianity. This could have been done only by a language which had reached the highest point of cultivation of which language is capable. The Greek was selected, as the medium of the New Testament, and in every excellence, never has it been surpassed. Indeed for strength, and flexibility, for the expression of logical distinctions, and of the tenderest sentiment, for lyrical softness, the highest imagination and the full power of eloquence, it is inimitable. This language had immediately preceding Messiah’s advent, become the passion, and was the prevailing speech of the civilized, and especially of the learned world. Whatever was written in Greek, was at once studied by all who were familiar with books. These successive advances necessarily tardy, in science, literature, and art, which had now reached their highest point of excellence, were thus rendered effective preparations among the Gentiles, for his coming, whose claims were to be so tested as never afterwards to be called in question, and whose doctrines are to be examined, and believed by the whole world.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

Again, from John 10:16 it is evident that a specific charge had been laid upon Christ

Again, from John 10:16 it is evident that a specific charge had been laid upon Christ. Referring to His elect scattered among the Gentiles He did not say “them also I will bring,” but “them also I must bring.” In His high priestly prayer we hear Him saying, “Father, I will that they also whom thou hast given me, be with me, where I am” (John 17:24). There Christ was claiming something that was due Him on account of or in return for the work He had done (v. 4). This clearly presupposes both an arrangement and a promise on the part of the Father. It was the surety putting in His claim. Now a claim necessarily implies a preceding promise annexed to a condition to be performed by the party to whom the promise is made, which gives a right to demand the reward. This is one reason why Christ, immediately afterward, addressed God as righteous Father, appealing to His faithfulness in the agreement.

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant