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The terms of the covenants are to be understood in their plain and natural sense, yet they have a second and higher meaning

Thus, before seeking to set forth the everlasting covenant itself in a specific way, we have first endeavored to make clear the relation borne to it of the principal covenants which God was pleased to make with different men during the Old Testament era. Our sketch of them has necessarily been brief, for we shall take them up separately and consider them in fuller detail in the succeeding chapters. Yet sufficient has been said, we trust, to demonstrate that, while the terms of the covenants which God made with Noah, with Abraham, with Israel at Sinai, and with David, are to be understood, first, in their plain and natural sense, yet it should be clear to any anointed eye that they have a second and higher meaning—a spiritual content. The things of earth have been employed to represent heavenly things. In other words, those subordinate covenants need to be contemplated in both their letter and spirit.

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant

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The Covenants-Chapter 7i-Philology of the Covenants

The same philology, I will further at present, only remark, must also be applied in its interpretation to the covenant as repeated to David. To him God said, and the declaration was frequently repeated:- “Thy seed will I establish forever; and build up thy throne to all generations.” He did indeed literally establish David’s seed, but not forever; and literally built up David’s throne, but not to all generations. The terms of the covenant must be accomplished. In their literal import they have unquestionably failed. It remains only therefore, for us to expect them in their second and higher meaning. And they are accordingly, gloriously fulfilled in the person, and reign of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; “whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and whose dominion is forever and ever.” “David’s kingdom,” says the distinguished Robert Hall, “was renewed and improved into higher glories, in the person of Jesus Christ, the true, spiritual, substantial David; of whose kingdom (it cannot reasonably be doubted by any) that of David himself was a type. The empire of Christ was the sequel, and continuation of that which had originated in the son of Jesse; and hence the Saviour is so often styled The son of David.’ The angel at his nativity announced him as ‘He who should be great,’ who should sit upon the throne of his father David, and of whose kingdom there should be no end.” Already in a previous chapter, I have spoken of this covenant somewhat at length. I have referred to it here again, only to show that its promises are of such a nature that their perfect fulfillment is impracticable, except in their higher sense, and in which they bring prominently before us, the everlasting kingdom, and perpetual dominion of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

Thus we may see how fully the covenant of grace was revealed and confirmed unto Abraham

Thus we may see how fully the covenant of grace was revealed and confirmed unto Abraham the father of all them that believe, by which he and his descendants obtained a clearer sight and understanding of the great Redeemer and the things which were to be accomplished by Him. “And therefore did Christ take notice of this when He said, Abraham rejoiced to see my day, and was glad” (John 8:56). These last words clearly intimate that Abraham had a definite spiritual apprehension of those things. Under the Sinaitic covenant a yet fuller revelation was made by God to His people of the contents of the everlasting covenant: the tabernacle, and all its holy vessels; the high priest, his vestments, and service; and the whole system of sacrifices and ablutions, setting before them its blessed realities in typical forms, they being patterns of heavenly things.

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant

The Covenants-Chapter 7h-Philology of the Covenants

The covenants in their full import, further teach the future glory of the sanctified in Jesus Christ our Lord.

These all, are spiritually, “Abraham’s seed, and” therefore, “heirs according to the promise” in the covenants. Their immortality, and eternal life, are held forth, by both prophets and apostles, under the emblems of renovated heavens, and earth, the habitation of restored and beautified Jerusalem, and of the fertile and ornamented land of Canaan. “Behold,” said God, by the prophet, “I create a new heavens, and a new earth, and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.” “Be ye glad, and rejoice forever, in that which I create. For behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people. And the voice of weeping shall no more be heard in her, nor the voice of crying.” What shall we understand by all this? The new heavens, and earth, so excellent that the former are no more even remembered; and the new Jerusalem, in which God himself will rejoice with his people, and in which never more shall be any pain or sorrow? Isaiah speaks of them as if they were here upon earth. John the apostle, repeats the prophecy, and declares that it then, that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be, in all holy conversation, and godliness, looking for, and hastening unto the coming of the day of God?” “Nevertheless, we according to his promise, [in the prophets] look for new heavens, and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. Wherefore beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent, that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

Unto Abraham God gave a remarkable pledge of the fulfillment of His covenant promises

Unto Abraham God gave a remarkable pledge of the fulfillment of His covenant promises in the striking victory which He granted him over the federated forces of Chedorlaomer. This was more than a hint of the victory of Christ and His seed over the world: carefully compare Isaiah 41:2,3,10,15. Genesis 14:19, 20 supplies proof of what we have just said, for upon returning from his memorable victory, Abraham was met by Melchizedek (type of Christ) and was blessed by him. A further revelation of the contents of the covenant of grace was granted unto Abraham in Genesis 15, where in the vision of the smoking furnace which passed through the midst of the sacrifice, an adumbration was made of the sufferings of Christ. In the miraculous birth of Isaac, intimation was given of the super-natural birth of Christ, the promised Seed. In the deliverance of Isaac from the altar, representation was made of the resurrection of Christ (Heb 11:19).

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant

The Covenants-Chapter 7g-Philology of the Covenants

The children spiritually, of Abraham, are found alike, among both Jews and Gentiles, and to them all, are made the promises of the covenants; not to them and to their seed, as they were to Abraham; but to them as the seed of Abraham; nor to them literally, as to his natural descendants; but to them spiritually in their second, and higher meaning. The conversion of the Gentiles, gave to all the lovers of Christ, unbounded joy. The Jews have long resisted the grace of God, but the fullness of the time will ultimately come, and they too shall be converted. This great event is predicted by the prophets, under the figure of the restoration of Israel from a long captivity, to the scenes of their own native home. For example :- ” Awake, awake, put on thy strength, O [Messiah] Arm of the Lord.” “Art thou not it [He] that hath dried the sea; the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over? Therefore the redeemed of the Lord shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head; they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.” And when thus converted, the delight that Israel will experience in Zion –not literal Zion, but the Church of the Redeemer – are depicted under the emblems of rebuilding and adorning their cities and enjoying the fruits of their own land. “They shall build,’ say the prophets, “their old wastes; they shall raise up the former desolation; and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolation of many generations.” “In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins; and I will build it, as in the days of old.” In other words, I will cause Israel to receive Christ, whom they have so long rejected. “And they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; and they shall make gardens, and eat the fruit of them.” Their joy as Christians shall be complete.

R. B. C. Howell- The Covenants

Those divine revelations and manifestations of the grace decreed in the everlasting covenant were given out at important epochs in the early history of the world

Those divine revelations and manifestations of the grace decreed in the everlasting covenant were given out at important epochs in the early history of the world. Just as Genesis 3:15 was given immediately after the Fall, so we find that immediately following the flood God solemnly renewed the covenant of grace with Noah. In like manner, at the beginning of the third period of human history, following the call of Abraham, God renewed it again, only then making a much fuller revelation of the same. It was now made known that the coming deliverer of God’s people was to be of the Abrahamic stock and that all the families of the earth should be blessed in Him—a plain intimation of the calling of the Gentiles and the bringing of the elect from all nations into the family of God. In Genesis 15:5,6, the great requirement of the covenant—namely, faith—was then more fully made known.

Arthur W. Pink- The Divine Covenants-Part One-The Everlasting Covenant