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Chapter XII : Of Adoption

1. All those that are justified, God vouchsafed, in, and for the sake of his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the Grace (a) of Adoption; by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the Liberties, and (b) Priveledges of Children of God; have his (c) name put upon them, (d) receive the Spirit of Adoption, (e) have access to the throne of Grace with boldness, are enabled to cry Abba, Father, are (f) pitied, (g) protected, (i) provided for, and (k) chastened by him, as by a Father; yet never (l) cast off; but sealed (m) to the day of Redemption, and inherit the promises, (n) as heirs, of everlasting Salvation.

a Eph. 1.5. Gal. 4.4,5.

b Joh. 1.12 Rom. 8.17

c 2 Cor. 6.18. Rev. 3.12.

d Rom. 8.15.

e Gal. 4.6. Eph. 2.18

f Ps. 103.13.

g Prov. 14 26.

i 1 Pet. 5.7.

k Heb. 12.6.

l Is. 54.8,9. Lam. 3.31.

m Eph. 4.30.

n Heb. 1.14. ch. 6.12.

The 1677/89 London Baptist Confession

Chapter XI : Of Justification

1. Those whom God Effectually calleth, he also freely (a) justifieth, not by infusing Righteousness into them, but by (b) pardoning their sins, and by accounting, and accepting their Persons as (c) Righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone, not by imputing faith it self, the act of beleiving, or any other (d) evangelical obedience to them, as their Righteousness; but by imputing Christs active obedience unto the whole Law, and passive obedience in his death, for their whole and sole Righteousnnss, they (e) receiving, and resting on him, and his Righteousness, by Faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.

a Rom. 3.24. ch. 8.30.

b Rom. 4.5,6,7,8. Eph. 1.7.

c 1 Cor. 1.30,31.Rom. 5.17 18,19.

d Phil. 3.8,9. Eph. 2.8,9,10.

e Joh. 1.12. Rom. 5.17.

2. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ, and his Righteousness, is the (f) alone instrument of Justification: yet it is not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving Graces, and is no dead faith, (g) but worketh by love.

Rom. 3.28.

g Gal. 5.6 Jam. 2.17 22.26.

3. Christ by his obedience, and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are justified; and did by the sacrifice of himself, in the blood of his cross, undergoing in their stead, the penalty due unto them: make a proper, real and full satisfaction (h) to Gods justice in their behalf: yet in asmuch as he was given by the Father for them, and his Obedience and Satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both (i) freely, not for any thing in them; their Justification is only of Free Grace, that both the exact justice and rich Grace of God, might be (k) glorified in the Justification of sinners.

h Heb. 10.14. 1 Pet. 1.18,19. Isa. 53.5,6.

i Rom. 8.32. 2 Cor. 5.21.

k Rom. 3.26. Eph. 1 6,7. ch. 2.7.

4. God did from all eternity decreeto (l) justifie all the Elect, and Christ did in the fulness of time die for their sins, and rise (m) again for their Justification; Nevertheless they are not justified personally, untill the Holy Spirit, doth in due time (n) actually apply Christ unto them.

l Gal. 3.8. 1 Pet. 1.2. 1 Tim. 2.6.

m Rom. 4.25.

n Col. 1.21;22. Tit. 3.4,5,6,7.

5. God doth continue to (o) Forgive the sins of those that are justified, and although they can never fall from the state of (p) justication; yet they may by their sins fall under Gods (q) Fatherly displeasure; and in that condition, they have not usually the light of his Countenance restored unto them, untill they (r) humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith, and repentance.

o Mat. 6.12. 1 John 1.7.9.

p Joh. 10 28.

q Ps. 89.31,32,33.

r Psal. 32:5. & 51. Mat. 26.75.

6. The Justification of Believers under the Old Testament was in all these respects, (s) one and the same with the justification of Believers under the New Testament.

s Gal. 3.9.Rom. 4.22,23,24.

 

The 1677/89 London Baptist Confession

Chapter X : Of Effectual Calling

1. Those whom God hath predestinated unto Life, he is pleased in his appointed, and accepted time, (a) effectually to call by his word, and Spirit, out of that state of sin, and death, in which they are by nature, to grace and Salvation (b) by Jesus Christ; inlightning their minds, spiritually, and savingly to (c) understand the things of God; taking away their (d) heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh; renewing their wills, and by his Almighty power determining them (e) to that which is good, and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; yet so as they come (f) most freely, being made willing by his Grace.

a Rom. 8.30. Rom. 11.7. Eph. 1.10,11. 2 Thes. 3.13,14. [It appears that the reference to 2Th_3:13-14 in the original manuscript is an error. Most modern editions have 2Th_2:13-14, which seems more relevant.]

b Eph. 2.1-6.

c Act. 26.18. Eph. 1.17.18.

d Ezk. 36.26.

e Deut. 30 6. Ezek. 36.27. Eph. 1.19.

f Ps. 110.3. Cant. 1.4.

2. This Effectual Call is of God’s free, and special grace alone, (g) not from any thing at all foreseen in man, nor from any power, or agency in the Creature, coworking with his special Grace, (h) the Creature being wholly passive therein, being dead in sins and trespasses, until being quickned & renewed by the holy Spirit, he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the Grace offered and conveyed in it; and that by no less (i) power, then that which raised up Christ from the dead.

g 2 Tim. 1.9. Eph. 2.8.

h 1 Cor. 2.14. Eph. 2.5. Joh. 5.25.

i Eph. 1.19,20.

3. Elect Infants dying in infancy, are (k) regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit; who worketh when, and where, and (l) how he pleaseth: so also are all other elect persons, who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the Ministry of the Word.

k Joh. 3.3 5,6.

l Joh. 3.8.

4. Others not elected, although they may be called by the Ministry of the word, (m) and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet not being effectually drawn by the Father, they neither will, nor can truly (n) come to Christ; and therefore cannot be saved: much less can men that receive not the Christian Religion (o) be saved; be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the Law of that Religion they do profess.

m Mat. 22 14. ch. 13.20,21. Heb. 6.4,5.

n John 6.44,45.65. 1 Joh. 2.24,25.

o Act. 4.12. Joh. 4.22. ch. 17.3.

The 1677/89 London Baptist Confession

 

Chapter VII : Of Gods Covenant

1. The distance between God and the Creature is so great, that although reasonable Creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have attained the reward of Life, but by some (a) voluntary condescension on Gods part, which he hath been pleased to express, by way of Covenant.

a Luk. 17.10. Job 35.7.8.

2. Moreover Man having brought himself (b) under the curse of the Law by his fall, it pleased the Lord to make a Covenant of Grace wherein he freely offereth unto Sinners, (c) Life and Salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them Faith in him, that they may be saved; and (d) promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto eternal Life, his holy Spirit, to make them willing, and able to believe.

b Gen. 2.17. Gal. 3.10.Rom. 3.20,21.

c Rom. 8.3. Mark 16.15.16. Joh. 3.16.

d Ezek. 36.26,27. Joh. 6.44 45. Ps. 110.3.

3. This Covenant is revealed in the Gospel; first of all to Adam in the promise of Salvation by the (e) seed of the woman, and afterwards by farther steps, untill the full (f) discovery thereof was compleated in the new Testament; and it is founded in that (*) Eternal Covenant transaction, that was between the Father and the Son, about the Redemption of the Elect; and it is alone by the Grace of this Covenant, that all of the posterity of fallen Adam, that ever were (g) saved, did obtain life and a blessed immortality; Man being now utterly uncapable of acceptance with God upon those terms, on which Adam stood in his state of innocency.

e Gen. 3.15.

f  Heb. 1.1.

* 2 Tim. 1.9. Tit. 1.2.

g Heb, 11.6.13.Rom. 4.1,2, & c. Act. 4.12. Joh. 8.56.

 

The 1677/89LondonBaptist Confession

 

Chapter III: Of God’s Decrees

1. God hath (a) Decreed in himself from all Eternity, by the most wise and holy Councel of his own will, freely and unchangeably, all things whatsoever comes to passe; yet so as thereby is God neither the author of sin, (b) nor hath fellowship with any therein, nor is violence offered to the will of the Creature, nor yet is the liberty, or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather (c) established, in which appears his wisdom in disposing all things, and power, and faithfulness (d) in accomplishing his Decree.

a Is. 46.10. Eph. 1.11. Heb. 6.17.Rom. 9.15,18.

b Jam. 1.15,17. 1 Joh. 1.5.

c Act 4.27,28. Joh. 19.11.

d Numb. 23.19. Eph. 1.3,4,5.

2. Although God knoweth whatsoever may, or can come to passe upon all (e) supposed conditions; yet hath he not Decreed anything, (f) because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.

e Act. 15.18.

f Rom. 9.11.13.16.18.

3. By the decree of God for the manifestation of his glory (g) some men and Angels, are predestinated, or fore-ordained to Eternal Life, through Jesus Christ to the (h) praise of his glorious grace; others being left to act in their sin to their (i) just condemnation, to the praise of his glorious justice.

g 1 Tim. 5.21. Mat. 25.41.

h Eph. 1.5,6.

i Rom. 9.22,23. Jud. 4.

4. These Angels and Men thus predestinated, and fore-ordained, are particularly, and unchangeably designed; and their (k) number so certain, and definite, that it cannot be either increased, or diminished.

k 2 Tim. 2.19. Joh. 13.18

5. Those of mankind (l) that are predestinated to life, God before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret Councel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ unto everlasting glory, out of his meer free grace and love; (m) without any other thing in the creature as a condition or cause moving him thereunto.

l Eph. 1.4.9.11.Rom. 8.30. 2 Tim. 1.9. 1 Thes. 5.9.

m Rom. 9.13.16. Eph. 1.6.12.

6. As God hath appointed the Elect unto glory, so he hath by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, fore-ordained (o) all the means thereunto, wherefore they who are elected, being faln in Adam, (p) are redeemed by Christ, are effectually (q) called unto faith in Christ, by his spirit working in due season, are justifyed, adopted, sanctified, and kept by his power through faith (r) unto salvation; neither are any other redeemed by Christ, or effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the Elect (s) only.

o 1 Pet. 1.2. 2 Thes. 2.13.

p 1 Thes. 5.9,10.

q Rom. 8.30. 2 Thes. 2.13.

r 1 Pet. 1.5.

s Joh. 10.26. Joh. 17.9. Joh. 6.64.

 7. The Doctrine of this high mystery of predestination, is to be handled with special prudence, and care; that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yeilding obedience thereunto, may from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their (t) eternal election; so shall this doctrine afford matter (u) of praise, reverence, and admiration of God, and (x) of humility, diligence, and abundant (y) consolation, to all that sincerely obey the Gospel.

t 1 Thes. 1.4,5. 2 Pet. 1.10.

u Eph. 1.6.Rom. 11.33.

x Rom. 11.5,6.

y Luk. 10.20.

The 1677/89 London Baptist Confession